Biopsy

For most types of cancer, a biopsy is the main way doctors diagnose cancer. A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under...

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Prognosis

A prognosis is the doctor’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone. Many factors can affect a person’s prognosis. Survival statis...

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Staging

Cancer staging is the process of determining the extent to which a cancer has developed by spreading....

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Stage

The stage of a cancer describes the size of a tumour and how far it has spread from where it originated....

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Mucosal melanoma

Mucosal melanoma is a rare form of melanoma, making up only about 1% of melanoma cases. As with other areas of the skin, melanocytes, the pigment prod...

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Ocular melanoma

Ocular melanoma (melanoma in or around the eye) is a type of cancer that develops in the cells that produce pigment — the substance that gives your...

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Wide local excision

A wide local excision involves removes a further margin of skin around the area where the original melanoma was removed. The purpose of this further s...

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Ulcerated melanoma

An ulcerated melanoma is when a tumour growing under the skin breaks through the skin’s surface and this is diagnosed under the microscope by the pa...

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Tumour

Tumours are cancerous growths caused by an abnormal growth of tissue....

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Subcutaneous injection

A subcutaneous injection is administered as a bolus into the the layer of skin directly below the very top layer but above the fat and muscle....

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